The Art of Seeing Art

The Art of Seeing Art℠ is a process for looking carefully and exploring a work of art on a deeper level. Developed by the Toledo Museum of Art, the Art of Seeing Art℠ is a series of five steps: LookSeeDescribeAnalyze, and Interpret, which you can use when looking at any work of art in the Museum’s collection.

Knowing the language of art—the Elements of Art and the Principles of Design—can help make meaning of what you see.


Movement, one of the principles of design, is concerned with the way shapes, lines, colors and forms direct the eye around a composition or interact with each other to suggest movement.

Put it into Practice

Francisco de Goya (Spanish, 1746–1828), The Spanish Entertainment (Diversión de España) from The Bulls of Bordeaux (Los Toros de Burdeos). Lithograph, 1825. 11 13/16 x 16 in. (30 x 40.6 cm). Toledo Museum of Art, Museum Purchase, 1954.23c

Look closely at this print by Francisco de Goya (Spanish, 1746-1828).  Notice how Goya has used line to both create the illusion of movement and also to move your eye around the composition. Which do you think is stronger - the illusion of movement or the directive movement around the image? Why?

Use the comment box below to share your thoughts.